BOOK REVIEWS

Aesop's Fables (Illustrated by Arthur Rackham with an Introduction by G. K. Chesterton) Reviews

UPDATE TIME: 2018-04-27 
Review Score: 4 out of 5 star From 0 user ratings
ISBN:1420953001
LANGUAGE:English

"
لم أكن أنوي الإستماع لهذا الكتاب بتاتاً خلال هذا الشهر، بل كُنت أشاور نفسي فيما يجب علي حذفه أم لا لأحفظ سعة الآيباد في الفترة الراهنة، لكن حمداً لله على ذلك، رأيت ماجعلني أغير رأيي تماماً بل وأجبرني على إنهاء الكتاب وإعادة الإستماع له مرتين أيضاً!

دخلت في موقع كورسيرا للتعلم ( https://www.coursera.org )
، وان هُنالك كورس يتكلم عن الفانتازيا وكتب الخيال العلمي ( Fantasy and Science Fiction: The Human Mind, Our Modern World ) وكيفية “قراءة مابعد السطور” فيها وإستنتاج الحكم والعبر وحتى الرسائل المخفية.
بدأ الدرس بإستعراض أحد قصص حكايات أوسوب، وهي الثعبان والمزارع.
وكيف لقصة قصيرة جداً وبسيطة التركيب وأحادية الحدث أن تكون ذات بعد عميق!
فقد تحمل دلالة للإستمرار الجنسي، “ عندما نأخذ بالحسبان قطع الرجل لذيل الثعبان، وقتل الثعبان لولد الرجل ) حيث أن كل طرف من القصة أفنى بقصد أو من غير قصد الناتج الجنسي لطرف الآخر .
كذلك تحدث عن الغفران والنسيان، وكيف أنه يمكن لنا أن نغفر ذنباً، لا أن ننساه، وربطه بشكل عجيب بقصة خروج آدم من الجنة “ في النسخة النصرانية حيث كان الثعبان السبب الرئيسي في الخروج” ..

هذا التلخيص للقصة حمسني لأستمع للكتاب كُله، وأنهيه، وأتوقف عند كُل قصة وأحاول أستقراء ماخلف أحداثها البسيطة “ظاهراً” ..
لن أقول أني خرجت بالكثير نظراً لوقتي القصير ، لكني خرجت بالكثير من الفوائد والأفكار العجيبة لبعض القصص التي لم أتوقع أنها ستجعلني أفكر مرتين ..

ربما أحدث هذه القراءة عندما أتفرغ وأجلس لكتابة رأيي في كُل قصة على حده ..
ولكل شخص يمر من هنا، لا تنسى أن تطلع على موقع كورسيرا، فهو مُذهل ومجاني الدروس !
" said.

" قرأت طبعة مكتبة (مصر) التي ترجمها د. مصطفى السقا وسعيد جودة السحار عن ترجمة (تاونْسِنْد) الإنجليزية. اشتريت الكتاب جديدا من معرض الكتاب بالقاهرة - في عام 2010 - بمئة وستين قرشا بعد الخصم! ووجدت فيه أكثر من ثلاثمائة حكاية كان معظمها فائق الإمتاع والعمق، بلا تكلف. والكتاب مزين برسوم قديمة محببة. الخلاصة أنني سأدعو للقائمين على مكتبة (مصر) حتى تُمحى آخر حكاية من حكايات إيسوب - حكيم اليونان - من ذاكرتي، ولست أظنه ممكنا!أحمد الديبمايو 2010 " said.

"I hadn't read this book, but I was amazed at how many of these fables I was familiar with. So many are part of our modern culture, part of our collective consciousness, and they are not specific to any one country or continent. This is truly a World classic. Most of them are easy to understand, some of them are far fetched, and some just don't make any sense. Some animals are used over and over in the stories, like the donkey, the lion, and the hare. It occurred to me after I had finished that I should have assigned a comparative image to each and used it throughout, it might have been more entertaining. For example, I could have chosen one of my least favorite politicians as the donkey and used that image in all the tales. My apologies to donkeys everywhere." said.

"Throughout your childhood you would have heard the variants of these tales which give you those little nuggets of wisdom. The morals of these tales are what other authors try to explain through books that may be as big as 600 plus pages ! Aesop needs a few sentences to make some of the most profound observations on human nature. His characters are varied between almost every known man,beast,bird, tree & god of the Greek era.

These are immortal tales and will remain so for eons to come. The moment someone says sour grapes , the images spring unbidden to our mind. There are many such tales which have fed the fuel for other story tellers of our time. I have no doubt that they will inspire a lot of future writers as well. There are very interesting questions that some stories pose : Did the Indians borrow some tales of the Pancatantra from the Greeks ? Did this happen after the invasion of Alexander ? No much satisfactory answers are given but there is many a tale which I have heard in may native tongue that I now realise are thinly guised versions of Aesop.

Brevity is a blessing for I can copy some of the best fables on to this space :

A fox, having crept into an actor's house, rummaged through his wardrobe and found , among other things, a large, beautifully fashioned mask of a monster. He held it in his paws and exclaimed :

'Ah ! What a head ! But it hasn't got a brain ! '


The moral of one other story was too brilliant to let pass by. It goes like this :

It is thus that the little things reveal the big things, and that the things which are visible reveal those which are hidden.

An excellent collection and quite a useful set of notes by the translator Robert Temple as well.
" said.

"I am a student of fairy tales. I have multiple editions of Grimms'. I have read everything ever written by Hans Christian Anderson. I had never read Aesop's Fables, though, understanding them from a young age to be folksy and devoid of conflict. But I have tasted regret often lately for my precocious judgements, so when this collection of several hundred tales caught my eye, I decided to give them a try. I'm so very glad I did, for each of these fables is a revelation. In their simplicity, these tales engender universal truisms whose plainspoken presentation undersells their total authenticity.

I was also completely wrong in categorizing them as kin to fairy tales. Fairy tales are narratives which challenge the status quo: the swineherd becomes a hero and marries a princess. "HA!" replies the fable, "A swineherd is a swineherd is a swineherd." These fables use allegory to cut through the conventions of fiction and fantasy, quite before either had become half so codified as it was in Grimms' day, a full two-thousand years later. It preemptively criticizes whole genres by correctly estimating that humans would always be drawn to such departures from reality.

Good common sense abounds (flatterers will always get what they want from the vain, hard work rewards where shortcuts punish, the most reliable thing about humans is their tendency towards self-interest) and many of its moral punch-lines have been so abused for three-thousand years that they are cliched through-and-through ("every man for himself," "honesty is the best policy," "pleasing all pleases none," "misery loves company," "one good turn deserves another," "kicking a man while he's down..."). Of course they seem trite--they are the basis of common sense throughout the whole world, and have been for three millennia.

This unseats Beowulf as the oldest book I've read, and the great irony here is that it's among the most relevant books I've read. I frequently paused to absorb, reflecting "wow, my supervisor is JUST LIKE the fox and I am like the honeybee..." or "my friend So-And-So has really been treating my like the wild ass, and I've been taking it like the sparrow..." These fables seem like common fodder for a child's bookshelf, but that is misguided. A first-grade reading level does not equate to a first-grade comprehension level.

Favorites included: The Bear and the Two Travelers, The Fox and the Grapes, The Hart and the Hunter, Hercules and the Wagoner, The Horse Hunter and Stag, The Miser, The Sick Stag
" said.

" I think maybe this just isn't a book you want to read all at once. It is quite amazing that these stories are 3000 years old and the lessons still hold. It's just that many are similar and after a dozen or so it gets kind of tedious to read. " said.

""The Goat and the Donkey

A man kept a goat and a donkey. The goat became jealous of the donkey, because it was so well fed. So she said to him:
‘What with turning the millstone and all the burdens you carry, your life is just a torment without end.’
She advised him to pretend to have epilepsy and to fall into a hole in order to get some rest. The donkey followed her advice, fell down and was badly bruised all over. His master went to get the vet and asked him for a remedy for these injuries. The vet prescribed an infusion of goat’s lung; this remedy would surely restore him to health. As a result, the man sacrificed the goat to cure the donkey."
----



"The Goatherd and the Wild Goats

A goatherd, having led his goats to pasture, noticed that they were mixing with some wild goats. And, when evening fell, he herded all of them into his cave together. The next day, a great storm raged. Not being able to lead them out to pasture as usual, he left them inside. To his own goats he gave only a handful of fodder, just enough to keep them from starving. But for the strangers, on the other hand, he increased the ration, with the intention of keeping them as well.
When the bad weather was almost over he let them all out to pasture. But, upon reaching the mountain, the wild goats ran away. As the goatherd shouted after them, accusing them of ingratitude for thus abandoning him after all the care he had taken of them, they turned round to reply:
‘All the more reason for us to be suspicious. For if you treated us, mere newcomers, better than your old flock, it’s quite clear that if some other goats came along you would then neglect us for them.’"
----



"The Fox and the Bunch of Grapes

A famished fox, seeing some bunches of grapes hanging [from a vine which had grown] in a tree, wanted to take some, but could not reach them. So he went away saying to himself:
‘Those are unripe.’"
----



"The Neighbour Frogs

Two frogs were neighbours. One lived in a deep pond far from the track, while the other lived in a small, stagnant pool on the track. The one from the pond advised the other to come and live near her:
‘You’ll enjoy a much safer and better life here,’ she said.
But the frog on the track would not be persuaded.
‘Oh, it would be far too great an effort to uproot myself from the place that I know so well and which I have always called home,’ she said.
And so it was that one day a chariot passed along the track and crushed her."
----



"The Kid on the Roof of the House, and the Wolf

A kid who had wandered on to the roof of a house saw a wolf pass by and he began to insult and jeer at it. The wolf replied:
‘Hey, you there! It’s not you who mock me but the place on which you are standing.’"
----



"The Stomach and the Feet

The stomach and the feet were arguing over their strength. The feet constantly alleged that they were much superior in strength because they carried the stomach. To this the stomach replied:
‘But, my friends, if I don’t provide you with nourishment, you won’t be able to carry me.’"
----



"The Sick Man and the Doctor

A sick man, questioned about his health by the doctor, replied that he was sweating heavily.
‘That is good,’ said the doctor.
Then he asked him the next time how he was feeling, and the patient said he had been shivering so much he was badly shaken up.
‘That’s also good,’ said the doctor.
Then he called on the man a third time and asked how he was. He replied that he had had diarrhoea.
‘That’s good too,’ said the doctor, and went on his way.
Then one of the sick man’s parents came to visit him and asked how he was.
‘I’m dying of good symptoms,’ he replied."
----



"The Travellers and the Bear

Two friends were travelling along the same path together when a bear suddenly appeared. One of them quickly climbed up a tree and hid himself there. The other, who was about to be caught, threw himself down on the ground and feigned death. The bear sniffed him all over with his muzzle, but the man held his breath. For it is said that a bear will not touch a corpse.

When the bear had gone away, the man hiding in the tree came down and asked his friend what the bear had whispered in his ear.

The other replied: ‘Not to travel in future with friends who slip away when there is danger.’"
----




"The Two Carrying-pouches

Once upon a time, when Prometheus created men, he hung from them two carrying-pouches. One of these contained the deficiencies of other people and was hung in front. The other contained our own faults, which he suspended behind us. The result of this was that men could see directly down into the pouch containing other people’s failings, but were unable to see their own."
" said.

" I translated parts of these for my Greek lessons, and it was pretty interesting :) I didn't read all of them but I think the biggest share. " said.

June 2018 New Book:

You Maybe Interested In Other Reviews:


Hot Search:

newborn baby clothes    what can you copyright    government children    classifying animals for kids worksheets    books to read for children    read short stories online    white blank book    art craft for kids at home    unique dresses for little girls    kids learning animals pictures    kids adventure activities    learning lessons    short stories for childrens in english    childsbooks    little girl boutique dresses    daily comics online    government books for kids    short reading    drop in daycare dallas    bare books for kids